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Huawei Timetable 18

Huawei Timeline

Huawei Timetable 19

 

 

Over recent months, Chinese telecommunications and electronics company, Huawei has found itself at the centre of international controversy. There has been growing fear that Huawei’s equipment can or will be used by the Chinese government to spy on other countries. Huawei is also accused of a long-running process financial fraud and even intellectual property theft. On top of that Huawei is also accused of breaking US sanctions on Iran.

A lot of these accusations have come from the US and from the Trump Administration. In our latest video we discuss the controversy and how based in facts the outrage really is. However, during the video it wasn’t possible for us to dive into all of the details in a concise way. Instead we have made this timeline to guide you through the last 16 years of controversy…

 

 

2003
Huawei Timetable

CISCO vs HUAWEI

US technology firm Cisco sues Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei for stealing its intellectual property in the form of its source code (1). After over a year of conflict, the lawsuit is eventually dropped in July 2004 as Huawei agreed to Cisco’s demands, for example discontinuing certain products that were particularly at issue (2).

2010
Huawei Timetable 1

HUAWEI IN THE SENATE

Huawei comes to the fore of US politics again 6 years later when United States Senators raise allegations of Huawei’s links to the Chinese government with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) (3).

2011
Huawei Timetable 3

Intelligence Committee Recommendations

The House of Representatives Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, chaired by Republican Mike Rodgers, recommends that the US government be prohibited from buying and using Huawei products. It also recommends continued vigilance, further investigation and official legislation to deal with worries.

2018

Defending US Government Communications Act

Congress introduces the Defending US Government Communications Act (4), however this was never made law

Huawei Timetable 4

Sales Issues

Huawei fails to get a contract with US provider AT&T, meaning it can only sell unlocked phones rather than through a carrier. This is particularly harmful to Huawei’s business in the US, as 90% of phones bought by US consumers come via carriers such as AT&T (5).

Telecoms giant Verizon also drops plan to sell Huawei smartphones (6). Verizon and AT&T at this time made up almost 70% of the carrier market (7), emphasising the effect on Huawei business.

February 1, 2018

US Senate Intelligence Hearing

Heads of six major US intelligence agencies (including FBI, CIA, NSA + Director of National Intelligence) come together for US Senate Intelligence Hearing (8). The hearing recommends to US citizens to not use Huawei products because of security concerns.

Huawei Timetable 5

Pure Protectionism?

Leonid Bershidsky, writing for Bloomberg suggested that these recommendations should be taken with a pinch of salt, suggesting they were made for protectionist reasons (9). He puts forth three arguments:

  1. Spyware in operating systems is relatively easy to detect, especially with the detection ability the US has, so if it was in Huawei phones, then surely US experts would have found it. This argument isn’t the strongest in our view however.
  2. It is strange that Motorola is not subject to these warnings? Motorola was acquired by Chinese company Lenovo in October 2014. Although now owned by a Chinese company, US powerhouse Google kept hold of most of Motorola’s patent portfolio (10). Bershidsky feels so that this explains why the US isn’t recommending people stop using Motorola. In our view, this is a far stronger argument that the above.
  3. Europe is not taking any issue with Huawei products. This argument is obviously now invalid but was highly relevant in early 2018.

Fake Reviews

Huawei fakes reviews of its new ‘Mate 10 Pro’ in order to encourage US buyers (11).

May 1, 2018

US Military Ban

The US DoD declares that the military needs to stop using Huawei products. Huawei protested this and took the case to the. Huawei protested and took the case to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) in August. However, the US ended up doubling down on this obstruction of Huawei.

Huawei Timetable 19

August 1, 2018

Scapegoat?

Huawei argues it is being scapegoated, and that really what is happening is the US is attempting to limit competition so US firms can do better.

Huawei Timetable 6

Punch From Down Under

In an additional hit to the company, Australia bans Huawei from its 5G Network.

Government Ban

US acts on the 2011 Select Committee ruling and bans the government and government contractors from using Huawei (12). This is part of the Defence Authorisation Act.

November 1, 2018

New Zealand

New Zealand joins Australia and bans Huawei from its first 5G Network.

December 1, 2018
Huawei Timetable 7

China Strikes Back

Seen as an act of retaliation, China arrests Canadian Diplomat Michael Kovrig claiming he is working for an unregistered NGO which is a violation of Chinese law (13).

China also bans Apple products.

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Japan Ban Huawei

Although not explicitly naming the company, Japan effectively bans Huawei (14).

Huawei Timetable 9

BT Remove Huawei Technology

BT will remove Huawei equipment from its existing 4G network and will not use in its 5G networks (15)

Huawei Timetable 19

2019
January 1, 2019

EU and US 5G Bans

As 5G continues to heat up, the US plans to build nationalised 5G network without Huawei included (16).

Additionally, the EU suggests de-facto ban on Huawei equipment by amending a 2016 cybersecurity law that would class 5G infrastructure as ‘critical’ which allows it to be vetted. Thus, the EU could veto the use of Huawei equipment in this realm on security grounds.

Huawei Timetable 10

Polish Spying Scandal

Poland arrests a Chinese Huawei employee and a former Polish-security official on spying charges (17), which the EU claims is a ‘wake-up call’. Poland responds by posturing to ban Huawei from its 5G infrastructure (18).

Huawei Timetable 11

Oxford University Turns Them Down

Oxford University says it will not accept funding from Huawei.

February 1, 2019

Germany Seeks Guarantees

German Chancellor Angela Merkel says Germany needs guarantees Huawei will not hand data over to the Chinese government and only then will Germany think about allowing Huawei to be part of the country’s 5G infrastructure.

Huawei Timetable 12

Trump’s Executive Order

President Trump considerins an executive order to completely ban Huawei gear from US networks (19), but this is problematic for some in the US, as rural carriers often rely on Huawei equipment.

Vodafone

Vodafone pauses deployment of Huawei equipment.

Huawei Timetable 13

Italian Reports

Reports in Italian newspaper ‘La Stampa’ claim that Italy is considering joining other European states in banning Huawei – the Italian government denies these claims (20).

Huawei Timetable 14

Thailand Takes Cautious Steps

Thailand launches 5G test bed, using Huawei equipment, but is also concerned about security issues (21).

March 1, 2019

Not Guilty

Huawei pleads not guilty to bank fraud charges in US (22)

Huawei Timetable 15

Germany Disagrees with India and the UAE

India and the UAE give Huawei a boost and announce they will continue to use the company’s products.

Germany’s Federal Intelligence Service (BND) claims that Huawei is not a trustworthy partner for German 5G networks (23).

Huawei Timetable 16

Trump Threatens Germany

Trump administration threatens Germany by claiming that it will limit intelligence sharing between the countries if Huawei is used in Germany’s 5G infrastructure (24), to which Germany hits back by saying it will not be blackmailed and will abide by its own security standards (25).

Huawei Timetable 17

The UK’s Decision

The UK’s dedicated Huawei Cyber Security Evaluation Centre watchdog puts forward fresh concerns regarding the security of using Huawei in the UK – this harms Huawei’s chances of breaking into the UK 5G market (26).

Huawei Timetable 19

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